FACTS ON GRAPE GROWING & WINE-MAKING in CHAMPAGNE
Size of the vineyards: 35,000 hectares (85,000 acres)
Production volume: 103,400 hectolitres (2006) 320 million bottles
Grapes: Pinot Noir, Pinot Meunier,Chardonnay planted with vine density of 10,000 per hectare
Vineyards:15,113 vineyards - 300 villages
Soil: Predominantly chalky area with a thin layer of topsoil which provides good drainage
on hillside vineyards of rolling countryside with south facing slopes.
Weather: Cool winters and sunny summers and autumns, the average temperature
around 11 to 12 C
AREAS OF PRODUCTION
While there are five areas of production the bulk of the champagne grapes come from:
Montagne de Reims - the most northerly area, and is planted mainly with Pinot Noir,
mainly on north facing slopes.
Côte des Blancs - a mostly east-facing region south of Epernay. It is almost entirely planted
Vallée de la Marne - the area runs west-east, and is planted with all three grape varieties,
although the Pinot Meunier dominates.