The region - GAILLAC - vineyard of The Tarn
Gaillac lies in a vast area described as the Southwest, or Sud-Quest, wine region which is a
collection of over 10 wine regions that stretch from central France all the way to the Spanish
The Gaillac wine region is situated in the Midi Pyrenees 50 km east of Toulouse, in the direction
of Albi, in the Tarn departement. The vineyard stretches over both sides of the Tarn and to
the north up to the medieval town of Cordes. The Tarn is 375 kilometres long rising in the
Central Massif and becoming a tributary of the Garonne. The Millau Viaduct spans the valley of
the River Tarn near Millau, and is now one of the region's most popular attractions.
Gaillac is one of the oldest French vineyards the first vines being planed in Roman times.
Today the Gaillac Appellation covers 2.500 hectares spread over 73 communes, for an AOC
production of over 165.000 hectolitres. Presently, the appellation consists of one
hundred independent producers and 3 cooperative cellars.
The region has three different terrior with a range of soil conditions from sand to gravel,
different aspects and varing climate conditions. This difference, coupled with special grape varieties, gives rise to an exciting range
of wines with unique characteristics.
The 3 different terroirs and the age of the vineyard enable Gaillac to grow a number
traditional minor grape varieties that are not grown in other parts of France. Such as Mauzac,
Len de L’el in the whites; and Duras and Braucol in red. Plus they also grow the big name
varietals of Cabernet, Merlot, Syrah, Sauvignon and Muscadelle.
This diversity of the Gaillac vineyard means that it can produce a great variety of
wines, a wide range of dry and sweet white wines, red and rose wines as well as sparkling wines.