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Grapes & Wines of the VENTOUX/LUBERON regions


Vauclase wines—Cotes du Ventoux & Cotes du Luberon

Nestled in a long valley between the Ventoux Mountains and the Luberon Mountains are the appellations area of AOC Ventoux and AOC Cotes du Luberon. They share the calcareous soils of the Vaucluse , along with the hot and dry Mediterranean climate are very conducive to producing pleasant, smooth wines.

Principal red grapes 

Black Grenache:
This type of vine brings to the wines of Luberon its alcohol, its flavours fine and its not very acid mouth. It accounts for approximately 40% of area in red.

Syrah:
The syrah brings its colour, its structure acid and tannic and of the powerful flavours, it is the ideal complement of the Grenache. It accounts for approximately 30% of area and its surface grows regularly each year.
These two type of vines, Grenache and syrah, account for approximately 80% of the assemblies of red.

Carignan:
This type of vine, to vocation of assembly does not give a frame to the wine, its surface is reduced, it does not account for any more but 20% of area.

Cinsault:
Like the Carignan, it is an auxiliary type of vine which area accounts for nothing any more but 7% of red.

Mourvèdre:
Being given its late maturity, the Mourvèdre is only not very widespread in Luberon. However, in certain zones, it can express its assets (round tannins, complex nose, beautiful aptitude for ageing).

There are also secondary type of vines (picpoul, counoise, gamay, pinot) but they are limited to 10% of area and are not often any more employed in the development of red wines AOC Côtes of Luberon.

The Cotes-du-Ventoux appellation

Area: covers 7801 hectares from Puymeras to Apt.
Production: red wines 80%, roses wines 17%, white wines 3%
Characteristics:
Reds—very exuberant with aromas of red fruit and spices evolving towards truffle, resin and leather.
Roses—very floral with rosebuds along with fruiter notes of cherry and raspberry.

The Cotes du Luberon appellation

Area: Covers 4181 hectares all within the Luberon Regional National Park
Production: red wines 67%, roses wines 20%, white wines 13%.
Characteristics:
Reds—brilliant colour ranging from purple to ruby with notes of red fruit and are full-bodied.
Roses—a beautiful cherry colour and rank among the great Provencal wines.
White—very pale with floral tones.

Principal white grapes

White Ugni:
Traditional type of vine of name, it accounts for 57% of the white type of vine surfaces. It decrease nevertheless regularly with the aromatic type of vine profit.

White Grenache:
In assembly, the white grenache brings roundness, alcohol and flavours. It covers approximately 20% of the surfaces.

Vermentino (Rolle):
Associated the white grenache, it makes it possible to work out wines full, fatty, with the citrus fruits flavours and long in mouth. It covers already nearly 8% of the area of white grapes.

Pale white:
They are certainly one oldest type of vines known in Provence. On dry, hot and stony grounds, it gives wines rich in alcohol with fine and complex floral flavours.

Bourboulenc:
Under favourable conditions (early and hot zones, dry and well drained grounds) the bourboulenc gives fresh and aromatic wines, of floral nature.

Secondary white type of vines  

Roussane:
This type of vine has undeniable qualities. Planted on hot, stony and well drained grounds, it gives elegant high-class wines to the flavours floral, and rich in alcohol.

Marsanne:
It requires the same conditions of plantation as the roussanne, but if it has interesting flavours, they are however less intense than those of the roussanne.





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